Archeology of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan is rich in archaeological findings which retained and brought us intriguing blend of Hellenistic, Buddhist and Scythian influences in the construction of concise desert castles in Khorezm and Bactria and the impact for the construction of the richest palaces in Sogdiana. You can admit the beauty of the wall paintings in the city of Varakhsha (Afrosiyab). Central Asia is the most ancient region populated by people, and one of the oldest cultural centers, as indicated by a number of archaeological findings. The territory of modern Uzbekistan was a place of intercrossing Asia with roads of the Great Silk Road. It connected Europe with China, passing through the oasis settlements of Khorezm, Kokand, Samarkand and Bukhara. In ancient times, the Central Asia had established trade and cultural relations with China, Iran, India and Arab countries around the Mediterranean, Eastern European countries, the Caucasus and even Siberia.
Important discoveries have been made in an ancient city of Samarkand. During archaeological excavations in “Koktepa”(located 35 kilometers from Samarkand), the remnants of noble young women (received the name in local mass media as "Sogdian princess") was found by archaeologists. Her clothing contained 333 stripes of gold plaques. Furthermore, among the excavations approximately 2000year aged goods including a Chinese mirror with a mysterious composition were dug out and presented to one of local museums.
We can state that trade relations with China in the region still existed at the dawn of the Great Silk Road. Valuable results gave also joint research of Uzbek and German scientists who carried out excavations in the Kyzyl Kum desert. Researchers found old mining spot. In the depth of 10-12 meters, they found the remains of metallurgical furnaces, metal splashes, the hills of slag. Scientists have found that copper was mined along the ancient Syr Darya, and tin in the foot and Zirabulak Mountains on the east of the ancient village of Carnaby.
Eight kilometers from the ancient capital, Uzbek and Australian archaeologists explored one of the ancient Zoroastrian temples of Khorezm - the Fire Temple. At the center of the Fire Temple, on the platform of mud brick, the dome covered dark room is located. Many centuries ago, the sacred fire was maintained from here ( The Fire Temple).
Above is an impressive complex of open space. Inside of each is the altar for sacrifice. During religious festivals the flame lit from the main altar of the sacred fire. The materials obtained in the excavations, provide "real" foothold for the recognition of Zoroastrianism as one of the oldest religions of the world.
In general there are many examples of archaeological discoveries in Uzbekistan. Each year, they are growing in number over the Uzbekistan, expanding our knowledge of the culture and traditions of our ancestors. And we in turn have the knowledge to appreciate and preserve.
Archeology of Uzbekistan