Khiva sights

Khorezm is another pearl of Asia, dating back so long that only a few civilizations can equal his age. Many hundreds of years before the Great Silk Road, ancient Khorezm was already connected on water and land with Europe and the East, Siberia and the civilizations of the South. The great world civilizations of that time emerged in Khorezm. His cultural interaction preceded the opening of the Great Silk Road.
Khiva is placed in the west of the Khorezm region, at the height of 100 m above sea level, next to limitless Kyzylkum Desert. Khiva seems to have materialized from a story. Khiva kept exotic character of an ancient place, untouched by time, until now. There are palaces with rich mosaic, unique beautiful buildings of ancient times at its best appearance with the architecture of Khiva amazed by its beauty, painting, and astonishing combinations of colors.
•    The 6thc. BC defeat of Khorezm by Iran of the Aheminids.
•    The 6thc. BC developing of Khorezm written language having its roots in Arash written language; Khorezm is assumed to be the place of origin of Zoroastrianism.
•    328 BC friendly meeting of envoys sent by Khorezm and Alexander the Great; 150 years after Khorezm played a leading role in liberation from aggressors.
•    The 3rdc. BC-1stc. AD - the prime period of the civilization of the ancient Khorezm.
•    250-140 BC reign of Greek-Bactrian kings.
•    The 2ndc.-1stc. BC pre-Kushan period; formation of the vast state Kanguy containing Shakhrisabz, Tashkent, Bukhara, Urgench, and Sogdiana.
•    The end of the 1stc. BC separation of Kushan region from Kanguy.
•    78-123 BC Kushan empire absorbed Khorezm.
•    The 3rdc. AD Khorezm restored it's influence and claimed to be a world power.
•    The 4thc. failed expansion of the Samanids in Central Asia.
•    The 4th-6thcc. Khorezm was the only state of the present-day Uzbekistan managed to remain sovereign during Eftalite empire and Turk khanate.
•    The 7thc. civil war broke out in Khorezm.
•    The 8thc. Khorezm was conquered by Arabs under the command of Kuteiba ibn Muslim; Khorezm was ruined.
•    The 9thc.-1Othc. Khorezm was the part of either the state of the Takharids or the state of the Tosafarids or the state of the Samanids.
•    The beginning of the 11thc. Khorezm became a part of the state of the Caznevids.
•    The 1st half of the 12thc. after the defeat of the Gaznevids Khorezm became a part of the state of the Seldjukids.
•    1172-1200 Coquest of Khorezm by Kora-Chinese.
•    1200-1220 Liberation from Kora-Chinese by Muhammed ibn Tepesh.
•    1220 invasion of Mongols.
•    The 13thc.-14thc. reign of Uzbek khans; Urgench revived at a new location became the biggest town of Golden Horde.
•    The end of the 14thc. the beginning of reune Ting of Northern and South Khorezm and obtaining independence from Golden Horde.
•    The 15thc. reign of the dynasty of the Temurids.
•    The 16thc. Khorezm was under the dominion of the Sheibanids; the beginning of flowering of the architecture of Khiva.
•    The 16thc. - the beginning of the 17thc. formation of Khiva Khanate.
•    The 18thc. Khiva suffered economic and political crisis. The end of the 19thc. Khiva became vassal for Russia.
•    Khiva accumulated all the best in the art of architecture and monumental painting. The architecture of Khiva has the late feudal character. When in Khiva you'll experience all the events of the past.

Historical and architectural monuments of Khiva
Ichan-Kala:
•    Mosque and Madrasseh of Said-bey (the end of the 18thc. the beginning of the 19thc.); by the gate Palvan-Darvoza.
•    Madrasseh of Allakulikhan (1834/35).
•    Tim and Cereven-Serai of Allakulikhan (19thc.).
•    Madrasseh of Kutlug-Murad-inak (1804/12).
•    Madrasseh of Abdulla-khan (1865).
•    Mosque and Bath-chambers of Anush-khan (1657).
•    Tash-hauli (the palace of Allakulikhan) (1830/36).
•    Ak Mosque (1832/42).
•    Djuma Mosque and Minaret (1788/89).
•    Mausoleum of Said Alautdin (14thc.).
•    Madrasseh of Muhammad Amin Khan (1851/52).
•    Kalta-Minor Minaret (1855).
•    Kunya-Ark (1868/88).
•    Akshi-bobo Bastion, Kurnysh-khona (1804/6) (Palace of Muhammad Rakhim khan, winter and summer Mosques).
•    Minaret of Tura-Murad-Tur (1888).
•    Madrasseh of Muhammad Rakhim khan (1871).
•    Madrasse of Shirgazizkhan (1718/20).
•    Baglandy Mosque (19thc.).
•    Madrasseh of Arab khan (1838).
•    Mausoleum of Allaudin sheikh who died in 1303, in 1825 the building was thoroughly rebuilt.
•    Complex of Pakhlavan Makhmud: Mausoleum (1830), cult buildings the 19thc. - the beginning of the 20thc., burial site of khan family.
•    Islam-hadji Madrasseh and Minaret (1908-10).
•    Kheivan well date is unknown; described in legends.
•    Madrasseh of Khodjamberdy-bey (1834).
•    Madrasseh and Minaret of Bikadjan-bek (1894).
•    Ark-Darvoza Gate (19thc.).
•    Kush-Darvoza Gate (19thc.).
•    Walls of Ichan-Kafa (18thc.-19thc.).

•    Dishan-Kala:
•    Out-of-town residence of Kublataza-bag (19thc.).
•    Nurullabay Palace Complex (1912).
•    Complex of Said Sheliker bey (30-40s of the 19thc.).
•    Palvan-Kara Madrasah and Minaret (1905).
•    Post-Office building (1910).
•    Hospital building (1912).
•    Country estate of Chadra-Khauli-beg (the beginning of the 20thc.).