Great Silk Road

The origin of the history of the Silk Road comes from second half of the 2nd Century BC, when the Chinese diplomat and spy Changjiang first introduced his compatriots in Central Asia - then unknown region, which lies to the west.

The name "Silk Road" is connected to the fact that is was very precious commodity that introduced the East to the West. It is believed that the secret of silk discovered almost five thousand years.

The growth of scientific and public interest in the Silk Road, the importance and the role in the development of world civilization is not accidental, since the concept is much broader than just a "caravan on the road." The researchers believe that this is due to the proliferation of spiritual values, scientific and technological knowledge, religious and cultural beliefs. Many markets in major cities on all routes of the Great Silk Road has had a significant influence on the formation of politics, economics and culture of countries along the routes. Again and again, this area is through predatory and murderous wars, powerful and small states arise and collapsed, replaced the old capital with new ones.

Today, the people in many countries to examine in search of the roots of its history, the emergence of spirituality and their national part of the culture to understand the world. This opportunity came after a decision on the revival of the Silk Road as an important channel of international cooperation in the field of diplomacy, culture, science, business and tourism. This decision has been held in 1993 by the UN General Assembly in Indonesia.

The international community paid great importance to this process. In 1988 the UNESCO launched the project for 10 years, "a comprehensive study of the Silk Road -. The path of dialogue". The Project includes full case control over the ancient history of the route, the establishment and development of close cultural contacts between East and West, the improvement of relations between the countries of the Eurasian continent. Implementation of the project has been so successful that it was decided to stop the project. Currently aggregated data base for further more concrete cooperation for the restoration and preservation of the unique monuments of the Silk Road, which are included in the UNESCO list. Many of these sites are in Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia and Iran.

Most of these architectural attractions can be found on the territory of modern Uzbekistan. Monuments like Ichan-Kala in Khiva, historical centers of Bukhara, Samarkand and Shakhrisabz acquired global significance. Merv – is also well-preserved ancient oasis town located on the territory of modern Turkmenistan.

The Silk Road is not only famous for its man-made monuments, but also a great spiritual heritage, including folklore. Equally famous are the Georgian polyphonic song as "shakrullo", the cultural wealth of the region Boysun in Uzbekistan and other evidence of the spiritual values of prosperity and the development of various cultures over the entire length of the Silk Road. UNESCO currently protects all of them.

The Silk Road is one of the most attractive tourist destinations. This is much to the revival of the Silk Road that humanity access to the global heritage of different people who have lived for thousands of years on this great transcontinental road and had formed and matured their varied related cultural wealth.

An important role in the revival of the Silk Road belongs to World Tourism Organization (WTO), which is currently implementing a long-term tourism project aimed to the development of tourism in the assigned region.

The Great Silk Road as a tourist product has many uses. Unlike the classic tour, a tour in a particular country, it is a transnational tour where tourists have the possibility to visit more than one country at a time, to see the present and past of these countries.

We invite you to take a trip along the Great Silk Road. Travel through the paths of  the old caravan that in the past connected east and west. You will have unforgettable experience; you will see the size of the achievements of human civilization firsthand.