Production of papier-mache and lacquer painting on papier-mache thrived in Samarkand in the early XV century. This can be witnessed with genuine ornamental medallions made of papier-mache, survived in the interior walls of the Gur-Emir necropolis and Bibi Hanym mosque. Of particular interest is the fully restored golden-blue dome in the interior of the main room of Gur-Emir, consisting of 998 elements of papier-mache, 112 authentic elements among them were used as original base materials for painstaking restoration works.
There are assumptions according to which from Samarkand in the XV century, this art was taken to Northern India, where its development has reached a highest level and thrives till this days. Items made of papier-mache: various sized pencil boxes, expensive book bindings, chess boxes, vases and other small items covered by miniature of floral design. Into ornamental composition for pencil boxes, often was included exquisite epigraphic inserts. The painting was done with thin brushes on the ground, made from gold or bronze powder, using apricot and cherry glue. Preparation of paints and lacquers for papier-mache required hard and complex of actions and uses various recipes.